Collection of optical views Galerie
Napoléon

Optical view of the Mosque Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (Turkey)

XVIIIth century optical view in original watercolors. Original copper plate engraving on laid paper with watermark heightened with watercolor at that time. Published by Jean-François Daumont in Paris circa 1770

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1770Time of Louis XV
  • Date : circa 1770
  • Period : 18th century
  • Time : Louis XV
  • Technique : Strong water etching
  • Support : Laid paper
  • Publisher : Jean-François Daumont
  • Place of publication : Paris
  • Passepartout : 50.0 x 65.0 cm
  • Sheet : 26.0 x 41.0 cm
  • Plate : 25.0 x 41.0 cm
  • Inventory number : FR-3024
350.00€
(Frame not included)
  • Free shipping costs
  • Shipment within 24H
  • Online tracking
  • Certificate of authenticity
  • Passepartout included
  • Portfolio exacompta

Original title

Vue du Superbe Temple de Ste Sophie aujourd'huy Mosquée principale à Constantinople

Description

XVIIIth century optical view in original watercolors. Original copper plate engraving on laid paper with watermark heightened with watercolor at that time. Published by Jean-François Daumont in Paris circa 1770, depicting a view of the Mosque Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (Turkey).

During the 18th century, several renowned establishments in Paris, London (England), Augsburg (Germany) and Bassano (Italy) were specialized in the creation of these optical views. They could be viewed alone or through a zograscope, a wooden foot surmounted by a lens which enlarged the image and accentuated the perspective effect. They could also be placed in optical boxes, the spectator then looked inside the box through the lens. This distraction was greatly appreciated in the 18th century in the salons of the bourgeoisie and the nobility as in the countryside thanks to the hawkers.

These etchings are nowadays exhibited in museums around the world and extremely appreciated by collectors and decorators for their historical interest and their high decorative value.

Condition report

  • No margin
  • Several accidents (6 holes)
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Mosque Hagia Sophia

Constantinople fell to the attacking Ottoman forces on 29 May 1453. In accordance with the traditional custom at the time, Sultan Mehmet II allowed his troops and his entourage three full days of unbridled pillage and looting in the city shortly after it was captured. Once the three days passed, he would then claim its remaining contents for himself. Hagia Sophia was not exempted from the pillage and looting and specifically became its focal point as the invaders believed it to contain the greatest treasures and valuables of the city. Shortly after Constantinople's defenses collapsed and the Ottoman troops entered the city victoriously, the pillagers and looters made their way to the Hagia Sophia and battered down its doors before storming in. All throughout the period of the siege of Constantinople, the trapped worshippers of the city participated in the Divine Liturgy and the Prayer of the Hours at the Hagia Sophia and the church formed a safe-haven and a refuge for many of those who were unable to contribute to the city's defense, which comprised women, children, the elderly and the sick and the wounded. Being hopelessly trapped in the church, the many congregants and yet more refugees inside became spoils-of-war to be divided amongst the triumphant invaders. The church's priests and religious personnel continued to perform Christian rites, prayers and ceremonies until finally being forced to stop by the invaders. When Sultan Mehmet II and his accompanying entourage entered the church, he insisted that it should be converted into a mosque at once.

The Optical View

The Galerie Napoléon is pleased to propose to you this strong water etching printed 251 years ago (around 1770).
As for all the antique prints in our catalogue, this optical view Vue du Superbe Temple de Ste Sophie aujourd'huy Mosquée principale à Constantinople dating from 1770 is dispatched worldwide within 24H in a secured packaging, accompanied by its certificate of authenticity guaranteeing the name of the artists (draughtsman, engraver, editor), the impression process used (Strong water) and its date (1770).

In order to guarantee a perfect conservation in time, this strong water etching is dispatched, ready to be framed, under color passepartout (manufactured without acid in the pulp for a neutral pH) on a cream mountboard made from carton bois (also acid free & neutral pH), in a luxurious portfolio.

History of the Optical views

At the apogee of the mode for optical views, between 1750 and 1790, four European cities specialized in their edition: Paris (France), London (England), Augsburg (Germany) and Bassano (Italy).

Optical views are prized in very different social circles : pleasant recreation in aristocratic salons, the views are admired in beautiful and richly decorated optical boxes which are real works of art. The show was transformed into a real scientific experiment. But the optical views also entertained the people who were in a hurry when a hawker set up a box on a market and began to narrate the extraordinary events that had taken place in a more or less distant and inaccessible country.

There are three categories in the production of optical views.

  • Topographic views: Cities, Monuments, Ports, Distant regions, reproduced with more or less accuracy, depending on the documents available to the engraver. It is obvious that the authors of these prints had not seen these territories. They therefore recomposed these landscapes by compiling various engravings and drawings, which explains many fantasies.
  • The historical scenes : Inaugurations, Coronations, Battles, Fires or Natural disasters form a subject that the people are fond of.
  • Views with a religious or moralizing theme. For educational value, these prints were mainly produced by Parisian publishers in the rue Saint-Jacques.

Our guarantee

With more than 20 years experience and a catalogue of more than 30.000 antique prints and historical documents dating from the 14th to the 19th century, the Galerie Napoléon, parisian antique dealer's gallery, is one of the world references in the field of antique prints,etchings and antique graphic arts.

In addition to thousands of impassioned of antique prints throughout the world, the Galerie Napoléon is honoured to count among its customers : national archives, museums, historical monuments and important home designer companies. All attracted by the extraordinary diversity of its catalogue and the quality and speed of its services.

This experience allows us to guarantee to each one of our customers the authenticity of the antiques in our catalogue and the shipment of their orders within 24 hours.

Secured shipment

Les commandes sont offerts pour toute commande supérieure à 50EUR pour la France, 70EUR pour l'union européenne (et Suisse) et 90EUR pour le reste du monde.

Les frais de port sont offerts pour toute commande supérieure à 50EUR pour la France, 70EUR pour l'union européenne (et Suisse) et 90EUR pour le reste du monde.

Pour les commandes inférieures à ces montants, les frais de port sont de 6EUR pour la France, 8EUR pour l'union européenne (et Suisse) et 10EUR pour le reste du monde.

Secured payment

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  • Administrative order (Museums, Universities, Town Halls, Ministries...)
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