Historical Document - French Revolution - 1800 - Marseille in State of Siege - Revolutionary Passport - Let Pass
Historical original document dated October 29th, 1800 and Portrait of Maximilien de Robespierre
Revolutionary Passport written on laid paper with watermark during the French Revolution in Marseille. Let Pass granted to the citizen Pierre Guermeaux, merchant travelling to Avignon. 34 years old, 5 feet tall, hair chestnut browns, Nose frayed and small, Mouth ordinary, round chin, raised face, oval face, scar in top. Signed by the General adjudant commanding the place of Marseille in state of siege and dated the 7 Brumaire of the year 9 of the French Republic (October 29th, 1800).
This historical document is composed of these 2 documents mounted under passepartout :
Marseille in State of Siege - Revolutionary Passport - Let Pass
Original document dated October 29th, 1800
Portrait of Maximilien de Robespierre
The Consulate was the Executive Government of France from the fall of the Directory in the coup of Brumaire on 10 November 1799 until the start of the Napoleonic Empire on 18 May 1804.
The Consulate was officially installed on 1 January 1800 (11 nivôse an VIII). Napoleon Bonaparte is designated as First Consul, thus de facto the head of the executive. The two new consuls designated are Cambacérès and Lebrun.
Outside, Bonaparte decides to end the wars. The Treaty of Lunéville, signed in February 1801 with Austria, which had been disarmed by Moreau’s victory at Hohenlinden, restored peace to Europe, gave nearly the whole of Italy to France.
He invited the clergy to return to France and granted him freedom of worship on 7 New Year VIII (29 December 1799). The Concordat of 1801, restored to the Church its position as the religion of the state.
The Constitution of the year VIII gave Napoleon Bonaparte power for ten years. In 1802, Bonaparte undoubtedly strengthened his power over the country. He then imposed the vote of a Senatus-Consult, which stated that the First Consul was now a lifetime consul. In February 1800, Napoleon settled in the Tuileries and gradually installed a courtyard that was constantly developing.
The Consulat à vie ended on May 18, 1804 with the proclamation of the Empire.
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