Historical Document - French Revolution - 1796 - Directoire - French Directory
Historical original document dated March 4th, 1796 (14 Ventôse, Year IV of the Republic) and Portrait of Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Etienne, original lithograph drawn by Jean Urbain Guérin
Circulaire from Les Régisseurs de l'Enregistrement et du Domaine national written on laid paper with watermark during the French Revolution, concerning the methods of collection of the taxes decided by the French Directory (Directoire). Signed (Pour ampliation) and dated March 4th, 1796 (14 Ventôse, Year IV of the Republic).
This historical document is composed of these 2 documents mounted under passepartout :
Letter from the Registrars of Registration and the Domaine national - Directoire - French Directory
Original document dated March 4th, 1796 (14 Ventôse, Year IV of the Republic)
Portrait of Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Etienne
The Directory was the governing five-member committee in the French First Republic from 2 November 1795 until 9 November 1799.
On 27 July 1794, members of the Convention, revolutionary parliament of France, rose up against its leader Maximilien Robespierre, who was in the midst of executing thousands of suspected enemies of the Revolution. Robespierre and his leading followers were arrested on 28 July and guillotined the same day.
It is a gradual return of the bourgeoisie to power after the Terror. The Thermidorian Convention, last year of the National Convention, chose an eleven-member commission to establish a new constitution replacing that of Year I, deemed too democratic and assimilated to Terror. This commission includes all five Directors, Heads of Government, between whom the executive and ministers are divided. She will sit at the Luxembourg Palace. Established, inspired by the bourgeoisie, the regime re-established the censorship vote, which was used to elect the two legislative chambers, the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients. Elections were held from 12 to 21 October 1795 (20 to 29 venomial year IV).
During the Directory, France was continually at war with foreign coalitions, including Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, the Kingdom of Naples, Russia and the Ottoman Empire. He annexed Belgium and the left bank of the Rhine, while Bonaparte conquered much of Italy.
The elections of germinal of the year V (March-April 1797), in the troubled context of the attempt to overthrow the Directory led by Gracchus Babeuf (Conjuration of the Equals), displayed a great victory for the royalists. The Coup d'Etat of 18 fructidor an V (4 September 1797), was led by three of the five Directors (including Paul Barras) supported by the army, against the royalists who became the majority in the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients. The royal push is stopped and the repression is brutal. Many deputies and journalists, as well as Director Barthelemy, are deported to Guyana. In the executive branch, two directors are replaced by Republicans.
Sieyès wants to overthrow the Constitution of Year III. It can only be revised after 9 years. The coup d'état of the 18th brumaire of an VIII (9 November 1799), organized by himself and executed by Bonaparte, with the decisive help of his brother Lucien, marked the end of the Directoire and the beginning of the Consulate.
Bonaparte would then gradually gather more power by having himself named Premier Consul, then later Consul for life.
The Directory is an era of moral freedom exemplified by the Incroyables and Merveilleuses and the Directoire style, a fashion trend characterized by its extravagances, in response to the sadness that had spread terror.
With more than 20 years experience and a catalogue of more than 40.000 antique prints, drawings and historical documents dating from the 14th to the 19th century, the Galerie Napoléon, parisian antique dealer's gallery, is one of the world references in the field of antique prints,etchings and antique graphic arts.
In addition to thousands of impassioned of antique prints throughout the world, the Galerie Napoléon is honoured to count among its customers : national archives, museums, historical monuments and important home designer companies. All attracted by the extraordinary diversity of its catalogue and the quality and speed of its services.
This experience allows us to guarantee to each one of our customers the authenticity of the antiques in our catalogue and the shipment of their orders within 24 hours.
Customize for free the color of your museum quality bevel cut edge passepartout (acid free & neutral pH) among a color chart of 23 shades.
This option will be offered to you free of charge in the cart.
All our antiques can be shipped worldwide. The orders are dispatched within 24H in a secured packaging.
The Galerie Napoléon offers free shipping for all orders over 50EUR for France, 70EUR for all EU destinations and 90EUR for worldwide destinations.
For orders below these amounts, the shipping costs are 8EUR for France, 12EUR for all EU destinations and 17EUR for worldwide destinations.